Amaranth seeds are very easy to grow in warm soil with lots of sunlight. Amaranth seeds are grown for its nutritious leaves or for its high-protein. This plant is closely related to quinoa and also beets, Swiss chard, and a lot of other food crops. Amaranth belongs to Amaranthaceae Family. The botanical name is Amaranthus sp. (Many of the species are edible). Amaranth seeds are very easy to grow.
Recommend variety: Burgundy Grain Amaranth (MU551) variety. Burgundy Grain Amaranth has a very tasty, nutritious immature leaves, they can also be grown to produce grain.
Planting Season: They prefer warmer season. The plant is very much a summer crop.
Sun exposure: Amaranth plant prefers full sun. The plant needs a nice hot summer for its entire growth period of forty to fifty days.
Planting Time: The seed can be sow directly in late spring once the night time temperatures are steadily above 10°C (50°F). The optimal soil temperature for the Amaranth seed germination is about 18-24°C (65-75°F).
Starting the Seed: Sow the Amaranth seeds five mm (¼”) deep in well drained soil in full sun. The Amaranth seeds will germinate in four to ten days. You can thin the seedlings to about 25-35cm (10-14″) apart in rows fifty cm apart.
Growing Amaranth: The Ideal pH is between 6.0-7.5. Make sure you keep the soil moist until they germinate, and also keep the area free from weeds.
Harvesting amaranth: You can pick the baby or the mature greens as needed. Just cut them off with a sharp scissors. The amaranth leaves actually have an appealing, nutty flavor. If want to grow them for seed, choose A. hypochondriacus and then provide an ample spacing. The amaranth seed will ripen in late summer or early fall. Keeps an eye on birds visiting the plants. You can rub the amaranth flower heads between your hands over a bucket or tray. Doing this into paper yard waste bags really works well. If the amaranth seeds do not fall easily, you can leave the plants for 1 more week and try again later.
Amaranth Seed Info: In optimum conditions at least about seventy percent of the amaranth seeds will germinate. Usual amaranth seed life is three years. Per 100′ row is 1.5M amaranth seeds, per acre is 392M amaranth seeds.
Diseases and Pests Control: Try as much as possible to always watch for slug/snail damage on the young plants. This plant is not prone to pest damage.
Amaranth Companion Planting: You can plant the amaranth with corn to shade the soil and retain water.