How to grow Astralagus

Growing Astralagus is very easy. Astralagus is an herbaceous perennial that belong to the family of legumes. Astralagus plant has a short vertical or raised stem that is densely covered with imparipinnate leaves. The other names of Astralagus are Queue-de-Renard, Astragale, Astragli Membranceus, Membranous Milk Vetch,  Astragale à Feuilles de Réglisse, Huang Qi, Astragale Astragale Réglissier, Radix Astragalus,  Astragali, Astragalo, Chinese Astragalus, Astragalus Membranaceus, Astragalus mongholicus, Beg Kei, Bei Qi, Buck Qi, Huang Se, Hwanggi, Milk Vetch, Réglisse Sauvage, Mongolian Milk, Ogi, Phaca membranacea, Radix Astragali, Réglisse Bâtarde. 

Astralagus plant does well in Soil pH— 6.6 – 8.5. The inflorescence is actually a dense brush of yellowish flowers in the appearance reminiscent of peas, which after maturing turn into the oval or egg-shaped beans. Astralagus plant is an easy to grow plant with many medicinal uses and its appearance harmoniously decorates the landscapes.

Propagation and Growing Astragalus Plant

Astragalus plant can actually be propagated by seeds and division. Astragalus plant can be grown from seeds in spring or summer or when the temperature is warm. Although Astragalus seed germination rate is low.  

Growing Astragalus from Seeds

Seeds preparation

The Astragalus plant seeds require treatment. First you need to scrape the hard seed coat. You can actually do it by rubbing the Astragalus seeds lightly on sandpaper. Scraping the outer hard shell will accelerate the Astragalus seeds germination. However, ensure that the inside of the Astragalus seeds is not damaged in the process. 

The next step is to soak the Astragalus plant seeds in warm water overnight. After that, remove the Astragalus plant seeds from the water and plant them. 

The Astragalus plant seeds must be first planted inside. Therefore, plant the Astragalus seeds in a small pots or seed tray that are at least two inches deep. For growing medium, use good quality seed starting mix or make it yourself. 

Plant the Astragalus seeds an inch deep and then water the soil slowly. Make sure you keep the soil evenly moist but not damp until germination occurs. It is advised to keep the pot in a place that receives morning sunlight. Once the Astragalus seeds germinate and the seedlings are a few inches tall you can easily transfer them to larger pots.  

Make sure you handle the plant carefully to avoid any damage to the roots. Try and place the plant in a spot that gets plenty of the sun. You can plant them outdoors in the spring, only, when the danger of frost is passed.

Planting Astragalus

Start by cleaning up the planting site and then make a hole about twice the diameter of the rootball of the plant and of the same depth. Make sure you put compost or aged manure before you reseal the hole.

If you are planting more than one Astragalus plant, you have to space them at least 15 feet away.

Growing Astragalus in a Pot

Astragalus can also be grown in a pot but it is important to place them in a light colored pot to avoid temperatures mounted black pots. If you transplant your astragals pot, you must make a hole diameter of about twenty centimeter.

Requirements for Growing Astragalus Plants

Position and Location: Astragalus plant grows best in a location that is sunny. However, you can also plant the Astragalus on a spot that actually receives shade in the afternoon.

Soil requirement: Astragalus plant really grows well in a relatively rich soil that remains slightly moist with a pH level around or just over seven.

Generally, the Astragalus should be planted on the ground that is well loosened and free of stones or debris. The best soil to plant Astragalus is sandy soil because it allows good root growth.

Watering: Normally sandy soils don’t retain water well, it is very vital to water regularly. If you’re actually growing Astragalus in pots, it is very vital to keep the root ball of the plant moist, most especially during the summer.

Astragalus Plant Care

Fertilizer: You can mulch around the Astragalus plant with compost or well rotted manure in every few months or so, this will also work as a fertilizer. Fertilizing the plant with natural organic fertilizer is enough. Still, if the Astragalus plant is not growing well you can use balanced slow-release fertilizer according to the product instruction.

Pruning: Astragalus plants are perennial plants and they can quickly become invasive in favorable conditions. It is imperative to perform an annual pruning in other to keep them in desirable shape.

Harvesting: You can easily harvest the roots after the plant is about 3 years old. After harvesting the roots, you need to clean and wash the roots with warm water, then slice and dry them for later use.

To actually keep the plant living, harvest no more than thirty percent of the small peripheral roots, and then leave the main root intact.

Some Tips

If you are actually planning to use the Astragalus plant for medicinal use, make sure you avoid the use of inorganic fertilizer and pesticide near the plant.

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