Avocados fruit is native to Mexico, the botanical name is Persea Americana and the common name is Avocado. This plant belongs to the Lauraceae family. The plant can grow within USDA hardiness zones 10-12 and also in any zone as a houseplant. The mature size is about 30 to 60 ft. in the landscape. This plant is a seasonal bloomer and the flower color is greenish-yellow. The plant is toxic to animal. Actually to grow this plant outdoors as productive fruit trees can be a little bit tricky but growing them as houseplants is fun and very easy. If the plant is to grown as a houseplant it is often grown from seed that can be sprouted in water or directly in potting soil. The established avocados plants will really do best in sunny windows. The plant need to be fertilized regularly in spring and summer with a balanced granular fertilizer.
Light requirement: Avocado trees are like banana trees, they thrive in full sun. Avocado plant will tolerate some shade, although potted indoor Avocado plants generally need the brightest spot. If you’re starting the Avocado plant from a seed, make sure you keep the seed on a bright windowsill until the roots form, and until the first leaves emerge.
Water requirement: Make sure you give the Avocado plant water when the soil is dry to the touch. The plants need to be kept continuously moist, but not soggy, and adequate drainage is necessary. Keep an eye for leaf yellowing, which is a sign of too much water on the plant.
Temperature requirement: This plant actually prefers warm growing seasons, but they can take winter temperatures down to fifty degrees Fahrenheit.
Soil requirement: The ideal soil for this plant is a rich fast-draining potting soil mix. The Soil pH should be 6.0 to 6.5. It tolerates acidic or alkaline soil
Fertilizer requirement: The Indoor avocado houseplants have vastly different fertilizer needs than the outdoor avocado plant trees. For you to keep your avocado houseplant’s deep green leaves you need to fertilize it with a small amount of water-soluble food about every 3 months.
Different Types of Avocado Plants
Avocado has about 1,000 varieties; one of the most popular varieties is the Haas avocado which is grown in tremendous quantities in California and throughout Latin America. This particular variety is a small pebbly avocados with high-fat content and delicious flesh. Also larger and lighter green Florida avocados are also found in season. You will really find plenty of healthy pits inside any of these varieties of avocados that you can use to grow your Avocado tree.
Pruning avocado trees to keep them small
Actually your first serious trimming should occur when the Avocado plant is only about twelve inches tall. At this time you can cut it back to six inches and then allow the new leaves and stems to form.
As the Avocado plant gets taller you can pinch off the new growth throughout the summer in other to force new branches to form, avocado fruit actually develops on new growth. Keeping the avocado plant new growth pinched off will also keep the avocado plant bushy while controlling its size.
Avocado seed growing stages
Avocado plant is just like a papaya houseplant that quickly grows from an easily accessible seed. The seed from avocado plant can be use to propagate a new plant. The following is how to grow avocado houseplant:
To actually sprout an avocado plant seed, you have to insert 3 toothpicks into the avocado seed and then suspend it with the broad end down over a glass of water. Make sure you cover about an inch of the seed with water. You have to keep it in a warm place; make sure is not in direct sunlight.
The avocado plant seed should sprout in 2 to 6 weeks. Let the young plant grow to about six inches, and then cut it back to about three inches in other to encourage stronger root growth.
When the avocado plant roots have grown thick and the stem now has new leaves again, you can then plant it in soil in a pot of about ten inches in diameter, leaving half of the avocado seed still exposed above the soil. The pot should have a drainage hole.
Repotting Avocado Plants
You can easily repot your avocado plant every spring when the plant begins to grow again. Trimming your avocado plant is necessary for the first few years in other to encourage a bushy plant. The avocado plant can be placed outside during summer and you can also bring it inside before the first frost.
Pest and Disease control in Avocado Plant
Make sure you always look for symptoms like leaf yellowing, which can actually indicate too much water or sluggish drainage. They can easily develop root rot in overly wet potting soil.
If you are growing Avocado outdoors, the plants are easily threatened by laurel wilt, which are caused by the Raffaelea lauricola fungus. It is transmitted by a number of different species of ambrosia beetle. Infected avocado trees usually succumb within four to eight weeks.