Cilantro which is also known as Coriandrum sativum is a delicious herb to eat but a fickle plant to grow. Cilantro plant can be grown outside in a garden or indoors in containers. Immediately it sprouts, the race is on to harvest the plant leaves before the plant flowers and the flavor profile will change. Growing Cilantro plant indoors helps with this process, as you will simply snip off what you need as you prepare your meals. Expect your (Coriandrum sativum) cilantro plant to live only for a couple of months before it flowers, at which point it becomes useless as a culinary plant. Below is the basic information about cilantro plant:
The botanical name: The botanical name is Coriandrum sativum
The common name: The common names are Cilantro, coriander
The plant type: The plant is an annual herb
Can You Actually Grow Cilantro Inside?
Cilantro plant is actually a fast-growing but also a short-lived plant that is ready to harvest in just 3 or 4 weeks. Cilantro plant is very easy to grow indoors, all you need is to simply provide the plant with adequate water and indirect sunlight. You can also pinch off the leaves regularly for culinary use to extend the life of the plant.
How to Grow Cilantro Plant Indoors
Sunlight requirement: Cilantro plant likes bright indirect light but also dislikes intense, direct sunlight. Actually the best option for container gardens is the morning sun in an east-facing window or a very bright sill that doesn’t get too much direct sun.
Temperature and humidity requirement: Cilantro plant bolts easily, most especially in warm weather. Once the cilantro bolts, the flavor changes and it will become bitter. With potted plants, you can extend the harvest season by keeping the Cilantro plants around seventy degrees and bringing them indoors to an air-conditioned environment when outdoor temperatures get warm.
Water requirement: Make sure you keep the soil regularly moist, but not soaked. Good drainage is important, as cilantro plant has deep roots. You can aim for about one inch of water per week.
Fertilizer requirement: You can apply a liquid fertilizer or supplement the soil with controlled-release pellets. For organic cilantro you can use organic fertilizer or fortify the soil with compost. Feed the plant once a month.
Pruning and maintenance: As the young cilantro plants grow, periodically pinch back them by about 1 inch in other to encourage fuller plants. To extend your cilantro plant harvest, regularly snip the soft stems, rotating the cilantro plant as you harvest to encompass the whole plant.
Size of container: Cilantro plant actually needs a pot that is deep enough for it to take root; look for a pot that is at least twelve inches in depth and about eighteen inches wide. A plastic pot can help to hold water and also keep the Cilantro plant moist, feeding its desire for humid surroundings.
Potting soil and drainage: Cilantro plant really does best in airy, light, fast-draining soil with plenty of perlite or sharp sand mixed in to increase drainage. In container plant, you can use a premium potting mix rather than using garden soil which is too heavy.
Potting and Repotting Cilantro Plant
Cilantro plant is an annual plant that grows with a deep taproot. As a result the plant dislikes repotting and will often bolt at the slightest provocation. It is best to repot your garden-center cilantro plant only once after bringing it home, and then keep the Cilantro plant in that container for the rest of its life.
Furthermore, the seed-grown cilantro plant can transition from your seed-starting pot to its permanent home pot. Because cilantro plant is an annual, the mature cilantro plants should never need repotting. A fully mature flowering cilantro plant can hit a height of about twenty-four inches, including the flower stalks.
Moving Cilantro Plant Outdoors for the Summer
If you move cilantro plant outdoors, it should not be during the summer. Make sure it is moved during the spring or early fall when temperatures are moderate.
When moving cilantro plant outdoors, remember to keep the plant in a shaded area and also take it outside only when there are moderate temperatures of about seventy degrees. Temperatures that are too high will make the cilantro bolt. Make sure you pay attention to rainfall; water the cilantro plant only if there is not enough rain during the week.
When to Bring Cilantro Plant Back Indoors
Make sure you pay close attention to the temperature. When it begins to dip into about 60s or rise into about 80s, it’s time to bring the cilantro plant back inside to an air-conditioned space.