Fennel is an herb plant that can be quickly grown in pots in a limited space and they don’t actually require a lot of maintenance. This herb is relatively popular for its sweet, aromatic dill-like leaves, seeds, and bulbs. Fennel can be easily paired with a variety of dishes and herbal teas, which makes it one of the most used culinary herbs. The botanical name is Foeniculum vulgare. Just continue reading to learn how to grow Fennel in Container.
Different Types of Fennel
There are 2 different types of fennel to grow in containers, which are Florence fennel – grown for bulbs and the herb fennel – grown for leaves and seeds that are used as an herb.
Types of Herb Fennel
The sweet fennel: The sweet fennel is used in culinary and medicines, and is also a standard variety for producing dry leaves for cooking.
The rubrum: The rubrum is also known as Smokey fennel. The rubrum has aromatic leaves. The seeds are baked into biscuits, bread and sausages preparations.
The purpureum: The purpureum has a distinctive bronze leaf color. The purpureum is mainly used as ornamental.
Types of Bulb Fennel
Victoria Fennel: Victoria Fennel offers excellent resistance to bolting. There leaves are mainly used fresh in salads.
Cantino fennel: Cantino fennel is also a bolt resistant variety, Cantino fennel bulbs are generally used in soups and stews.
Rhonda fennel: Rhonda fennel matures very quickly with uniform round bulbs. Rhonda fennel is mainly used in making stews.
The mantavo: The mantavo is a slow bolting variety that offers good yield.
Growing fennel in a Pot
The following are the steps on how to grow fennel in a pot;
You have to choose a pot that is at least 300 mm wide and deep and then position it in a sunny spot. Ensure you fill it with quality potting mix.
Sow the fennel seed direct, planting two to three seeds in the middle of the pot. Cover it lightly with Yates Black Magic Seed Raising Mix and then water well. Alternatively you can plant one seedling in the middle of the pot.
Make sure you water regularly. Once the seedlings emerge you can thin the strongest plant and then feed weekly with Yates Thrive Natural Fish Seaweed+ Plant Food Concentrate.
As the fennel plant grows and the bulb begins to appear to be swelling, you have to mound up the soil around the base of the plant to stimulate a larger harvest.
Once the fennel bulb is an edible size, generally at least the size of a flat tennis ball, carefully dig it out of the soil or you can cut it off at the base. The fennel leaves can also be snipped to be used as an herb.