How to grow mustard greens from seed

Mustard greens originated from Asia. The Botanical name is Brassica juncea. The common names are Mustard, spinach greens, Chinese mustard, leaf mustard. Actually Mustard green is a cool-season leaf crop. Sow the mustard green seeds as early as four to six weeks before the average last frost date in spring. Sow succession crops every four to six weeks. Mustard green requires thirty to forty days to reach harvest. Plant the crops so that they can come to harvest before temperature average is greater than seventy-five degree Fahrenheit. Sow the mustard green seeds in autumn or early winter in mild winter regions.

Furthermore, Mustard green is a hardy leaf vegetable with a rosette of large light or dark green curly leaves that actually grow to three feet tall. The leaves and leaf stalks are eaten and it has a peppery flavor. The Mustard green seeds can be ground and used as a condiment.

Planting Mustard Green

Site preparation: Grow the mustard green seeds in full sun or partial shade. Plant the mustard green seeds in a well-worked, well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. Make sure you add aged compost to planting beds before planting. Mustard green actually prefers a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8.

When to Plant: Sow the mustard green seeds as early as four to six weeks before the average last frost date in spring. Sow succession crops every four to six weeks. The Mustard green requires thirty to forty days to reach harvest. Plant crops so that they come to harvest before temperature average greater than seventy-five degree Fahrenheit. Sow the mustard green seeds in autumn or early winter in mild winter regions. The Mustard green seeds may be slow to germinate if the soil is too cool, forty degree Fahrenheit or less. Mustard green grown in hot weather or long days will bolt and then go to seed. 

Planting and spacing: Sow mustard green seed half inch deep. When the seedlings are large enough to handle thin them from four to eight inches apart, space rows twelve to twenty-four inches apart.

Companion plants: Plant mustard green alongside with English peas, snap peas.

Growing mustard green in Container: Mustard green can easily be grown in a container. Broadcast the Mustard green seeds over the soil surface and then cover lightly with soil.

Caring for Mustard Green

Watering and feeding: Make sure you keep the soil evenly moist in other to keep the leaves growing quickly. Make sure you don’t allow the soil to dry out. You can add aged compost to planting beds before sowing. Also side dress the plants with aged compost at midseason.

Plant care: Make sure you keep the planting beds free from weed. Pull the mustard green from the garden as soon as it goes to seed in other to avoid prolific self-seeding.

Pest control: Mustard green can be attacked by aphids and flea beetles. You can easily wash these pests away with a blast of water.

Diseases control: The Mustard green is susceptible to white rust. You can easily remove the leaves that have white rust. Water the Mustard green plants at the base of the stem keeping moisture off the leaves.

Harvesting Mustard Green

You can pick individual leaves when they are young and tender, three to four inches long, or cut and use the entire Mustard green plant. Make sure you complete the harvest before the weather grows hot; hot weather can cause the leaves to become tough and strong flavored. Make sure you complete the harvest before the plant goes to seed.

Mustard Green Varieties You Can Grow

  1. Curled Leaf varieties: Which is ‘the Fordhook Fancy’ (forty days); ‘the Red Giant’ (twenty-three days); ‘the Green Wave’ (forty-five days); ‘the Southern Giant Curled’ (forty days).
  2. Plain Leaf varieties: Which is ‘the Florida Broad Leaf’ (forty-three to fifty days); ‘the Tender green’ (thirty-four to forty days).
  3. Oriental Mustard Cabbage-green stalks varieties: which is ‘the Chinese Pac Choi’ (sixty days); ‘the Choi Sum’ (sixty days); ‘the Dai Gai Choy’ (sixty-five days).
  4. Oriental Mustard Cabbage-white stalks varieties: which is ‘the Bok Choi’ (forty-five to sixty days); ‘the Chinese Flat Cabbage’ (forty days); ‘the Green-In-Snow’ (forty-five days); ‘the Joi-Choi’ (forty-five to fifty days).

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