How to grow plums from seeds

Plum can be grown from seed. To actually grow plum from seed you need the following; Sand, perlite, organic soil mixture, 1-gallon plastic container, hammer, trowel, pot, hardware cloth, rocks or metal screening. A lot of commercial growers don’t grow plum from seed because their livelihoods depend on controlling the process; commercial growers rely on grafting or re-growing from twigs and buds. However planting a plum seed is something that is very simple. The following are the few planting techniques you can use to maximize the chances that your plum seed will grow;

You need to prepare a mixture of sand and perlite in a 1-to-1 ratio in a 1-gallon plastic container. Perlite is actually a mixture of crushed, naturally occurring volcanic rock that is used to help garden soil drain more easily and is widely available at nurseries.

Gently tap the plum seed with a hammer just enough to put a crack in the hull. This process, known as scarification, breaks the seed’s dormancy and tells it that the time is right to germinate.

Plant the plum seed two to three inches deep in the sand and perlite mixture and then water it thoroughly. Make sure you keep the soil constantly moist but not soggy.

Make sure you place the container in a spot where it will get at least 4 weeks of cold temperatures, such as outdoors, in an unheated garage or even in the refrigerator.

Remove the plum seed from its cold storage area and then repot in a more organic soil mixture. Let the seedling grow for up to 1 year.

Make sure you water the seedling regularly and also protect it from digging squirrels or birds by covering the soil with rocks, hardware cloth or metal screening.

Plant the plum tree in its permanent location in a spot that gets full sun for most of the day. You can add an organic soil mix to the planting hole if the soil is not already well-draining.

Some Tips

The European plums (Prunus x domestica) normally have a high chill need. You can plant Asian plums (Prunus salicina) if you actually live in an area with mild winters.

Plums actually do well in any kind of well-draining soil but they do best with fertile soil.

After planting, make sure you give the tree plenty of water and then fertilize it each spring before it leafs.

Without proper pruning the plum trees will produce less fruit.

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